United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in its 183rdsession held on 10th December 1948 adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The UNGA proclaimed UDHR as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations.The UDHR sets out fundamental human rights to be universally protected. Article 23(1) of the declaration, in addition to the right to work and free choice of employment, confers on everyone the right to favourable conditions of work.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights adopted by UNGA on 16th December 1966 and which came into force from 3rd January 1976, requires every Member State to recognise the right of everyone to the enjoyment of just and favourable conditions of work to ensure safe and healthy working conditions.
The Vienna Convention adopted at the World Conference & Millennium Assembly held on 25th June 1993 also declared that human rights and fundamental freedom are the birth-right of all human beings, and their protection and promotion is the first responsibility of Governments.
The Constitution of India adopted on 26th January 1950 also entitle the citizens, to certain rights. The Article 37(e) requires Government to direct its policy towards preventing abuse of health and strength of workers, and the Article 42 requires Government to make provisions for securing just and humane conditions of work. The Government has enacted laws, rules and regulations to give effect to this fundamental human right in India.